It’s peculiar how crucial role the ideals/ideologies/beliefs/faith play in our life. I would like to delve into that cause in first glance something doesn’t look ok. But let’s start from where we actually are. We want to perceive the connection of ideologies to our life. What we know is our past knowledge on ideologies, but past knowledge is dead, so why don’t we abolish it completely? So as to be able to face our question with no knowledge at all. Like an innocent baby that looks at something and is passionate to understand, to explore. So here we are.. no knowledge, not the slightest idea about ideals and consequently no resistance to the new, to the fresh! How do we proceed?
What exactly is an ideology?
Would we agree ideology is a rather broad term with reference in politics, religion, everyday life? Also would we agree that an ideology includes a set of principles to achieve something, a specific goal, an ideal? Do we see that an ideology locates a specific problem and tries to tackle it? So christianism recognizes we are brutal, immoral, violent (what is) and provides a set of commandments so as to be virtuous (what should be) and finally reach heaven (so as to enjoy eternal pleasure). Capitalism recognized the problem that wealth was unfairly distributed (what is) and tried by means of specific laws/principles to change it to something fairer (what should be) – even though it seems that distribution of wealth is now rather more unfair-. Humanism emphasizes in the value of human beings who are brutally maltreated in several parts of the world (look at the drama of refugees from Asia – which is actually what is) and gives it’s own guidance (charity, voluntarism etc) on how to improve the quality of living of all humans (what should be). Essentially the same is the idea of non violence (i am violent and i recruit mental suppression and patience to become non violent), the ideal of non jealousy etc We won’t refer to all possible ideological systems but i think it becomes clear how an ideology works. No matter which ideology are we talking about.. Nazism, activism, communism, humanism, veganism, Buddhism, pacifism, Islamism.. the basic pattern is basically similar. Would we agree?
So an ideology is a guide to move from “what is” to “what should be”!
Also, as we mentioned before, each ideology deals with specific issues. One ideology deals with killing animals, another with the issue of violence, another with maltreating homosexuals etc.
So each ideology works fragmentarily focusing on specific problems.
Also isn’t it clear that every ideology is formed in the past? The very first second after Marxism was invented, Marxism was an old structure of the past, it was something dead. Someone would say that ideologies are subjects in continuous updating but again, once an update is done, once a few new elements are added in an ideology, the very next minute this ideology is old again. I don’t play with words here. I don’t try to manipulate people, you just need to see if what is stated here is true or not.
So the third characteristic of ideologies is that they are limited from the past.
The Effects of Ideologies
So each and every ideology (and we found that ideologies touch every aspect of human life) from the noblest to the cruelest is limited by the past, works fragmentarily and pushes people to move from what is to what should be. Do we realize how destructive are these features?
Let’s take the ideology of non violence.. someone feels the need to be violent.. so violence is what is, that is all that exists, we don’t know something else, more accurately WE ARE VIOLENCE. There is nothing else. To try to be non violent divides ourselves. We invent an imaginary ideal (of non violence), and we struggle to reach it, which is actually a fight with our own self. Do we see the absurdity of this movement? Can such struggle make man essentially non violent? Or it just suppresses, hides violence, but in the deep violence still exists and it burns, it burns like hell. So ideology breeds inner division, inner struggle and conflict.
Apart from inner division ideology breeds outer division! Once i am a follower of christianism i separate myself from Muslims, Buddhists etc. Once i am a capitalist i am in battle with communists.. . Also nationalism breeds war between nations etc. Sounds like these imaginary opposites we described here. So ideology is essentially division, inner and outer.
Once a gypsy deceived me and stole some money.. out of this past event i construct the idea that gypsies are trying to deceive people. And now a little, seedy gypsy asks something to eat.. Limited by the idea i created in the past i am suspicious and decide not to help this poor boy. Which is pure insensitivity.. while i am thinking of this past idea, i don’t even see the drama of this little boy and i am indifferent. So ideology, inevitably bound to the past, breeds partial, insensitive action.
Now let’s take communism.. in Cuba communism succeeded to reduce unemployment, to provide decent education (in terms of physical knowledge) and health system, it also succeeded to limit the insanity of consumerism but at the same moment it attempted to block messages coming from the rest of the world, in an effort to block out-of-Cuba influence and keep things stable (for example internet almost doesn’t exist in Cuba etc).. which sounds so much totalitarian. This is an example of the fragmentary approach of ideologies… so ideology solves a few problems and at the same moment it creates others.
Now, after investigating the nature of ideologies, is it possible to radically deny all ideologies, not to replace one with another etc – just to deny them, without a motive, a purpose.. just because we see the insanity of the nature of ideology?
And the second question is.. do we see deeply rather than intellectually the truth of what is mentioned here? If we are just verbal, if only the intellect listens, then it’s quite possible to create an ideology of non ideology, which is identical to all other ideologies. The word is not the thing so don’t remain on the verbal explanation of what is stated here.. we need to penetrate deeper.